Ashland is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rosebud County, Montana, United States. The population was 464 at the 2000 census. Ashland is immediately east of the boundary of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and also along the Tongue River. It is the location of the St. Labre Indian Catholic High School, established in 1884 as a boarding school by a Catholic mission to the Cheyenne.
Ashland is located at 45°36′27″N 106°17′11″W / 45.60750°N 106.28639°W / 45.60750; -106.28639 (45.607457, -106.286284).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.6 square miles (20 km), all of it land.
Ashland had the original supervisor office for the Custer National Forest. There remains an Ashland Ranger District. The 436,000 acre Ashland Ranger District contains the largest contiguous block of land in Federal ownership in eastern Montana and has one of the largest grazing programs in the nation.
This area is also rich in coal and wildlife. Some oil and gas activity has occurred, but no producing wells have been found to date.
The area offers a variety of topography, varying from rolling grasslands to steep rock outcrops. Vegetation varies from prairie to dense stands of ponderosa pine.
As of the census of 2000, there were 464 people, 151 households, and 104 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 61.4 people per square mile (23.7/km²). There were 170 housing units at an average density of 22.5 per square mile (8.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 21.55% White, 75.22% Northern Cheyenne, 0.22% Asian, and 3.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.
There were 151 households out of which 49.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 21.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.60.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 40.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 2.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $22,222, and the median income for a family was $24,167. Males had a median income of $24,688 versus $19,000 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,577. About 30.4% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.