Baker is a city in and the county seat of Fallon County, Montana, United States. The population was 1,741 at the 2010 census.
Baker is located at 46°21′53″N 104°16′30″W / 46.36472°N 104.27500°W / 46.36472; -104.27500 (46.364817, −104.275089).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.07 square miles (2.77 km), of which 0.97 square miles (2.51 km) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km) is water.
Sandstone rock is the predominant feature. Nearby Medicine Rocks State Park has many unusual sandstone rock formations.
As of 2016, the population has grown to 1,990 people. Baker has seen a steady growth in population over the years, possibly due to the fact that Baker has remained a community fueled by the oil industry.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,741 people, 763 households, and 459 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.8 inhabitants per square mile (693.0/km). There were 884 housing units at an average density of 911.3 per square mile (351.9/km). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 763 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,695 people, 694 households, and 455 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,974.8 people per square mile (761.0/km²). There were 855 housing units at an average density of 996.2 per square mile (383.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.11% White, 0.24% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population.
There were 694 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,893, and the median income for a family was $42,375. Males had a median income of $30,667 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,461. About 7.7% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.